#25 What does 乗る mean?



Hello everyone.
How are you?


Thank you so much for coming here.


It's kÜshi.


🔴I help you study kanji and Japanese
by making example sentences with
kanji.

And then I explain the grammars and
all the kanji which are used in the
sentences


🔴I realized that I should make useful
sentences so that you can learn kanii
with very natural Japanese which we
usually use, not formal ones.


🔴The method to study here.

I always make very natural sentences,
so they are sometimes difficult to
understand.

But don't worry. I explain everything in
detail.


So this is one of the best methods to
study here.

1. Copy the sentences on paper
carefully.

2. Read aloud the sentence while
looking it.

3. Read the explanations.


I hope this helps you a lot!

So, today's kanji is 乗


It looks confusing, but see it
carefully and write many times
so that you'll remember soon.

And by practicing complex kanji,
you'll get used to kanji and you'll
find most of kanji are not
so difficult.


乗る
Reads: no-ru
Means: to ride


Ex.

1. Tom and I was riding on the same train
...トムと私は同じ電車に乗っていた
/Tomu to watashi wa ona-ji den-sha ni
no-tte ita/

👉トム(tomu)
As you know, this means "Tom"

It's written with katakana because it's
made from a foreign word.


👉私(わたしwatashi) means "I"

This is generally used by women.
But sometimes very polite man use that.
Men generally use 僕(ぼく, boku)


👉同じ(おなじ, ona-ji)
This means "same"


👉電車(でん-しゃ, den-sha)

Yeah, it's very complex.

It means "train"

If you think it hard to remember
now, you don't have to hurry.

You'll get used to kanji more from now,
and so you'll be able to remember such
a difficult kanji easily.


👉乗っていた(のっていた, no-tte ita)

This is a little complex grammatically.

It's a past and progressive form of 乗る



🔴The past form of it is this:
乗った(のった, no-tta)

→This means like "I've already ridden"

Yes, as you can see, the form called
"past form" is actually means like
"I've already done", in Japanese.

By putting た at the end of verbs, you
can make this form.


🔴The progressive form of it is this:
乗っている(のっている, no-tte iru)

→this means "I'm riding"

By putting いるat the end of verbs,
you can make this form.

て connects verbs and other words.


It's not so difficult.


And the form called "past and progressive
form" is the REAL "past form"

I don't know why the names of form are
so complex.


So by putting (いる + た=)いた at the end
of verbs, you can make the real past form.


So 乗っていた(のっていた, no-tte ita)
is what we use as a past form.
Of course, it can be used as progressive
and past form as well.

We don't make difference between
"past form" and "past and progressive
form"



For example,

作る(つくる, tsuku-ru)
...I make

作った(つくった, tsuku-tta)
... I've already made
→this is just what called "past form",
but actually not.


作っている(つくっている, tsuku-tte iru)
... I'm making
→this is a "progressive form"


作っていた(つくっていた, tsuku-tte ita)
...I was making
→real past form called past and
progressive form.

Yes, the real past form is like this in
English, but in Japanese, we use it
as a past form and past and progressive
form.


食べる(たべる, ta-beru)
...to eat


食べた(たべた, ta-beta)
... I've already eaten


食べている(たべている, ta-bete iru)
... I'm eating


食べていた(たべていた, ta-bete ita)
...I was eating

Only this is complex because you don't
use "I was eating" as a past form.

We don't make difference between "past
form" and "past and progressive form".

Keep it in your mind so that you won't
be confused.



So that's all today.


Thank you so much for reading!


The progressive form is very complex
so you should get used to it.


If you have any questions, ask me
without any hesitation!!


I hope this helps you a lot.


See yiu next time!


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