#26 What does 話 mean?


2018. 11.15


Hello everyone.
How are you?


Thank you so much for coming here.


It's kÜshi.


🔴I help you study kanji and Japanese
by making example sentences with
kanji.

And then I explain the grammars and
all the kanji which are used in the
sentences


🔴I realized that I should make useful
sentences so that you can learn kanii
with very natural Japanese which we
usually use, not formal ones.


🔴The method to study here.

I always make very natural sentences,
so they are sometimes difficult to
understand.

But don't worry. I explain everything in
detail.


So this is one of the best methods to
study here.

1. Copy the sentences on paper
carefully.

2. Read aloud the sentence while
looking it.

3. Read the explanations.


I hope this helps you a lot!


So, today's kanji is 話

Reads: hanashi
Means: a story

How to write 話↓
https://kakijun.jp/page-ms/13140200.html


Ex.

1. I have an interesting story.
...おもしろい話があるよ
/omosiroi hanashi ga aru yo/


👉おもしろい(omosiroi) means

interesting.

This is an adjective. And if you

omit "い", it'll be an exclamatory.



For example,

さむい(samui)
→さむ!(samu!)
...How cold it is!!


おもしろい(omosiroi)
→おもしろ!(omoshiro!)
...How interesting!!!


あつい(atsui)
→あつ!(atsu!)
...How heat!!



👉 ある

If you check your dictionary,

it'll say "to have" means "もつ" (motsu).

But actually, "have" has so wide meaning

that I was surprised when I studied it

long time ago.


For example,

◎I have a dog
...犬を飼っている
/inu o ka-tte iru/

→犬(いぬ, inu) means a dog.

→飼っている(かっている, ka-tte iru)
is a progressive form of 飼う(かう, ka-u),
which means "to have a pet"

We usually use a progressive form samely
as a present from in English.

I'll explain this later.



◎I have enough time.
...十分な時間がある
/juu-bun na jikan ga aru/

→十分(じゅう-ぶん, juu-bun) meams
enough.

→時間(じ-かん, ji-kan) means "time".

→ある(aru) means "to have something
you can't see"


So, the first sentence:
おもしろい話がある

This ある means "to have something
you can't see" because "an interesting
story can't be seen"


↓ about a progressive form↓

This is a little confusing, so you don't
have to hurry to remember this.

◎I have a dog

This means 犬を飼っている.

And 飼っている is a progressive form
of 飼う.


We usually use the form as a present
form.


But you usually use the progressive
form too, don't you?

Do you usually say " he sleeps" ?

I think "he's sleeping" is more natural.

So this is not a unique rule to
Japanese.


But when we use the present form,
we mean about the future.


There's the same rule in English
too.


◎ The train leaves in two minutes.
...電車は2分以内に出発する

This sentence is difficult.

But I'd like you to see that

出発する(しゅっぱつ-する,
shuppatsu-suru) is a present form.


As you can see, in Japanese, the
present form can be used about
the future, too.


So,

◎犬を飼う

This means "I'm going to have a
dog" because 飼う is a present from.



So that's all today.


Thank you so much for reading!!


I hope this helps you a lot.


If you have a question, ask me
without any hesitations!

It doesn't have to be a perfect
question.


See you next time~~



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